Why is Premium Arabica Coffee More Expensive?
Spending a little more to get the best is something we’re all used to, but when it comes to coffee, many people don’t know why the best, premium Arabica coffee costs more than other offerings.
And the answer isn’t just because it tastes better than other varieties – and it most definitely does – it is also in the fact that Arabica coffee requires very specific conditions to grow and requires a great deal of time and money to cultivate to fruition.
Below, we’re going to run through everything you need to know about Arabica coffee and why it’s worth spending that little bit extra.
Location, Location, Location
Arabica won’t grow just anywhere; it requires very specific conditions, altitude and the right weather to flourish.
Although Arabica accounts for around 75-percent of all the coffee produced in the world, it’s only possible to cultivate it at high altitudes and under particular weather conditions. The prime growing zone for Arabica beans is restricted to ten degrees above and below the equator, in a global area referred to as the ‘Coffee Belt’.
This belt covers countries like Ethiopia, Brazil, Colombia, Indonesia and many other regions, but not all have the right, high altitude environments Arabica needs to survive and grow. This is why major Arabica-producing centres like Brazil produce such large quantities of the bean because it has the perfect mixture of mountainous slopes and the right climate.
Aside from requiring specific geographic features to grow, Arabica also has very strict requirements when it comes to temperature and rainfall in order to develop.
Arabica originates in the mountains and high-altitude areas of Ethiopia, and so it has a genetic lineage that demands specific environmental input. Arabica plants need approximately 1,200 to 2,000mm of rainfall over the course of a year and temperatures between 15 to 25 degrees Celsius. If there’s too little or too much rain, then the Arabica crop in that region will fail to grow correctly and, similarly, if temperatures rise too high or low, this will have an adverse effect on growth and, ultimately, flavour.
Quality Takes Time
From planting to fruiting, the Arabica tree – although, technically, it’s a shrub – can take up to four or five years to reach the point where it produces fruit.
And it’s this fruit that, once harvested, is dried and roasted to make Arabica coffee beans. That means there’s a four year wait for every plant to reach the point where it produces the coffee we know and love, and that’s why premium Arabica coffee costs a little more.If you want to try smooth, rich premium Arabica coffee, then our Nigheddu blend is the right choice for you. Our Arabica blend delivers a luxurious coffee alive with slow-roasted flavour and a full-bodied, balanced taste.